福建师范大学2020年8月课程考试《高级英语(三)》作业考核试题答案

I. Choose the word in closest meaning to the word given 30%
1. We must quieten the restive animals: 答案附后
A.buoyant B. restless C. remorseful D. resistant
2. He was famous for his repartee and his sarcasm. 答案附后
A.Witty retort B. will full departure C. monologue D. overriding
3. After years of delay eh problem has now become urgent. 答案附后
A.procrastination B. dilation C.. dilution D. sacrifice
4. You may be athletic, but a monkey is more agile.答案附后
A. clever B. nimble C. stupid D. quick
5. If a manufacturer has to charge exorbitantly for his product, he will lose business.答案附后
A. excessively B. reasonably
C. relentlessly D. inexpensively
6. a grunt of acquiescence:答案附后
A.consent B. refusal C. compliance D. acquisition
7. dilation of the pupils:答案附后
A.restriction B. constriction
C. amplification D. punishment
8. sterile leadership 答案附后
A.infecund B. aging C. effective D. doubtful
9. moronic behavior: 答案附后
A.talkative B. intelligent
C. stupid D. irresponsible
10. tenacious salesmen 答案附后
A. lax B. unyielding C. imperfect D. impatient
11. Many of President Roosevelt’s critics felt that he was too autocratic. 答案附后
A. democratic B. self-powerful C. concealing the truth D.
upper-class
12. Rather than vote for either side, the congressman decided to abstain.答案附后
A. not vote B. vote for both C. stay home D. vote later
13. John was forced to make an extemporaneous speech.答案附后
A. sharp B. foolish C. offhand D. critical
14. The police give slight credence to the report答案附后
A. attention B. study C. belief D. evaluation
15. The fourth year sociology class was a homogeneous group of university students.答案附后
A. uniform B. average C. unrelated D. distinguishable
16. The doctor asked the patient to disrobe before the examination答案附后
A. take medicine B. breathe deeply C. relax D. undress
17. The policeman used a megaphone.答案附后
A. a portable radio B. in instrument to make his voice louder.
C. a long stick D. a telephone in his car
18. Jack is defrauding the commercial law.答案附后
A. discarding B. maiming C. cheating D. repeating
19. The thieves ransacked the room trying to find he jewels.答案附后
A. looted B. probed into C. raided D. thoroughly searched
20. The check was marked void.答案附后
A. payable B. in effect C. canceled D. invalid
II. Reading comprehension 10%
The relationship between the home and market economics has gone
through two distinct stages. Early industrialization began the process
of transferring some production processes (e.g. clothmaking, sewing,
and canning foods) from the home to the marketplace. Although the home
economy could still produce these goods, the processes were laborious and
the market economy was usually more efficient. Soon, the more important
second stage was evident- the marketplace began producing goods and
services that had never been produced by the home economy, and the home
economy was unable to produce them (e.g. electricity and electrical
appliances, the automobile, advanced education, sophisticated medical
care). In the second stage, the question of whether the home economy was
less efficient in producing these new goods and services was irrelevant;
if the family were to enjoy these fruits of industrialization, they would
have to be obtained in the marketplace. The traditional ways of taking
care of these needs in the home, such as nursing the sick, became socially
unacceptable( and, in most serious cases, probably less successful). Just
as the appearance of the automobile made the use of the horse-drawn
carriage illegal and then impractical, and the appearance of television
changed the radio from a source of entertainment to a source of background
music, so most of the fruits of economic growth did not increase the
options available to the home economy toe either produce the goods or
services or purchase them in the market. Growth brought with it increased
variety in customer goods, but not increased flexibility for the home
economy in obtaining these goods and services. Instead, economic growth
brought with it increased consumer reliance on the marketplace. In order
to consume these new goods and services, the family had to enter the
marketplace as wage earners and consumers. The neoclassical model that
views the family as deciding whether to produce goods and services
directly or to purchase them in the marketplace is basically a model of
the first stage. It cannot accurately be applied to the second ( and current ) stage.
1. The reason why many production processes were taken over
by the marketplace was that _答案附后__.
A. it was a necessary step in the process of industrialization
B. they depended on electricity available only to the market economy C. it was troublesome to produce such goods in the home
D. the marketplace was more efficient with respect to these processes
2. It can be seem from the passage that in the second stage ____答案附后___.
A. some traditional goods and services were not successful when
provided by the home economy
B. the market economy provided new goods and services never produced
by the home economy
C. producing traditional goods at home became socially unacceptable
D. whether new goods and services were produced by the home economy
became irrelevant
3. During the second stage, if the family wanted to consume new goods and
services, they had to enter the marketplace _答案附后___. A. as wage earners
B. both as manufacturers and consumers
C. both as workers and purchasers D. as consumers
4. Economic growth did not make it more flexible for the home economy to
obtain the new goods and services because _答案附后__. A. the family was not efficient in production
B. it was illegal for the home economy to produce them C. it could not supply them by itself
D. the market for these goods and services was limited
5. The neoclassical model is basically a model of the first stage, because
at this stage _答案附后__.
A.the family could rely either on the home economy or on the marketplace
for the needed goods and services
B. many production processes were being transferred to the marketplace
C. consumers relied more and more on the market economy
D. the family could decide how to transfer production processes to the
marketplace
III. Fill in the blank with an appropriate word 20%
functioning, around, given, determines, attempts,
paradoxically , with, indispensable, society, general to,
determining
In an earlier study of the family, I took as ___1general __that in ___2
around____ a nation’s family structure determines the kind of
___3functioning__ it will have, and that any ____4_attempts_ to change
or improve the society must begin ___5to___ changing he family. Six years
later now, I have come to feel that, ____6_indispensable__,although some kind
of
family
structure
may
be
___7_paradoxically__to
societal__8given__, it is the society that __9_determines_ what the
family will be, and not the other way __10determining___.
IV. Translate the following paragraph into English 20%
跌倒的是一个女人,花白头发,衣服都很破烂。她从马路边上突然向车前横截过来,车夫已经让开道,但她的破背心没有上扣,微风吹着,向外展开,所以终于兜着车把,幸而车夫早有点停步,否则她要栽一个大跟头,跌到头破血流了。
翻译答案附后
V. Translate the following paragraph into Chinese20%
So society has us all at its mercy. It has only to murmur to the man that
staying home is a feminine characteristic, and he will be out of the house
like a bullet. It has only to suggest to the woman that logic and reason
are the exclusive province of the masculine mind, whereas “intuition”
and “feeling” are the female forte, and she will throw her physics
textbooks out of the window, barricade herself into the house and give
herself up to having wishy-washy poetical feelings while she arranges the flowers.
所以社会对我们都是仁慈……翻译答案附后

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福建师范大学2020年8月课程考试《小学科学教育》作业考核试题答案

2020-7-23 11:13:25

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福建师范大学2020年8月课程考试《教育心理学》作业考核试题答案

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